TY - JOUR
T1 - Axiomatic Method
A1 - Meixner, Uwe
PY - 2017
N2 - Whether in mereology or any other area, applying the axiomatic method means to specify an axiomatic system S, consisting of the axioms of S and the logic of S. The axioms of S are certain basic statements, and the logic of S is a set of basic inferencerules which can be used to generate further statements from given statements (ultimately from the axioms). The specification of S must be effective, that is, it must be in every case decidable whether or not a given statement belongs to the axioms of S, and whether or not a given inference-rule belongs to the logic of S. Relative to the axiomatic system S – the axioms plus the logic – a notion of provability is recursively defined: (1) the axioms of S are provable in S; (2) if the premise(s) of an inference-rule of the logic of S are provable in S, then also the conclusion of that inference-rule is provable in S; (3) only statements that can be obtained by (1) and (2) are provable in S. Any statement that is provable in S but is not an axiom of S is called a theorem of S.
JF - PCM: Philosophia Contributions – Mereology
JA - PCM: Philosophia Contributions – Mereology
VL - 1
IS - 1
UR -
ER -