Skip to content

Ontological Dependence

Fabrice Correia

Pages 389 - 393

According to many philosophers, reality is not a mere mosaic of selfcontained objects: many things ontologically depend upon other things. Ontological dependence comes in two (overlapping) varieties, existential and essential. And there are in turn many kinds of properties and relations – predicables, for short – of existential dependence as well as of essential dependence.

1Department of Philosophy, University of Geneva

1 Casari, E., (2000), “On Husserl's Theory of Wholes and Parts”, History and Philosophy of Logic, 21: 1-43.

2 Chisholm, R. M., (1976), Person and Object: A Metaphysical Study, London: Allen and Unwin.

3 Chisholm, R. M., (1984), “Boundaries as Dependent Particulars”, Grazer Philosophische Studien 10: 87-95.

4 Correia, F., (2004), “Husserl on Foundation”, Dialectica 58 (3): 349-368.

5 Correia, F., (2005), Existential Dependence and Cognate Notions, Munich: Philosophia.

6 Fine, K., (1981), “First-Order Modal Theories I: Sets”, Noûs 15: 177-205.

7 Fine, K., (1994), “Essence and Modality”, Philosophical Perspectives, 8: 1-16.

8 Fine, K., (1995a), “Ontological Dependence”, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Vol. XCV Part 3: 269-290.

9 Fine, K., (1995b), “Part-Whole”, in Smith, B. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Husserl, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

10 Husserl, E., (1970), Logical Investigations, vol. 2, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

11 Kripke, S., (1980), Naming and Necessity, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

12 Lowe, E. J., (1998), The Possibility of Metaphysics, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

13 Mulligan, K.; Simons, P.; Smith, B., (1984), “Truth-Makers”, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 44: 287-321.

14 Schnieder, B., (2006), “A Certain Kind of Trinity: Dependence, Substance, Explanation”, Philosophical Studies, 129: 393-419.

15 Simons, P., (1982), “The Formalisation of Husserl’s Theory of Wholes and Parts”, in Smith, B. (ed.), Parts and Moments. Studies in Logic and Formal Ontology, Munich: Philosophia.

16 Simons, P., (1987), Parts. A Study in Ontology, Oxford: Clarendon Press. Simons, P., 2001, “Are All Essential Parts Analytically Essential?”, Travaux de logique 14: 129-149.

17 Tahko, T.; Lowe, E. J., (2016), “Ontological Dependence”, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, E. Zalta (ed.),

18 van, Inwagen, P., (1990), “Four-Dimensional Objects”, Noûs 24: 245-255.

19 Wiggins, D., (1979), “Mereological Essentialism: Asymmetrical Essential Dependence and the Nature of Continuants”, in Sosa, E. (ed.), Essays on the Philosophy of Roderick M. Chisholm. Grazer philosophische Studien, 7-8, Amsterdam: Rodopi, 297-315.


Export Citation