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Guido Imaguire

Pages 379 - 382

Nominalism is better characterised not as a single metaphysical doctrine, but as a family of heterogeneous theories which share a reluctance to accept the existence of universals and/or of abstract entities. Since one may accept abstract particulars or concrete universals, the rejection of universals and the rejection of abstract entities amount to different positions. Nominalism often has been associated with many other philosophical positions, such as empiricism, materialism, extensionalism, reductionism, and particularism. Strictly speaking, such connections are not in all cases necessary, but they are very common in the history of philosophy.

1Department of Philosophy, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

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2 Bigelow, J., (1988), The Reality of Numbers, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

3 Bigelow, J., (1990), “Sets are Universals”, in Physicalism in Mathematics, Irvine, A. D. (ed.), Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Publishers.

4 Bochenski, I. M., (1956), “The Problem of Universals”, in The Problem of Universals, Bochenski, J. M.; Church, A.; Goodman, N. (eds.), Notre Dame University Press.

5 Campbell, K., (1990), Abstract Particulars, Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

6 Eberle, R. A., (1970), Nominalistic Systems, Dordrecht: Reidel.

7 Leonard, H. S.; Goodman, N., (1940), “The Calculus of Individuals and its Uses”, Journal of Symbolic Logic 5: 45-55.

8 Lewis, D., (1970), “Nominalistic Set Theory”, Noûs 4: 225-240.

9 Martin, C. B., (1980), “Substance Substantiated”, Australasion Journal of Philosophy 58(1): 3-10.

10 Quine, W. O., (1953), From a Logical Point of View. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

11 Simons, P. M., (1994), “Particulars in Particular Clothing: Three Trope Theories of Substance”, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, vol. 54 (3): 553-575.

12 van, Inwagen, P., (1990), Material Beings, Ithaca (NY): Cornell University Press.

13 Williams, D. C., (1953), “On the Elements of Being”, The Review of Metaphysics, 7(1): 3-18.


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