Background. Mereotopology is a subfield of formal ontology which deals with both parthood relations and different types of connection relations between extended entities and their parts. As indicated by its name, the field combines mereology and topology (i.e. the theory, roughly speaking, of continuity and proximity). Thus mereotopology studies both spatial entities and the interconnections between them. By adding topological tools to mereology those interconnections can be described more subtly.
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