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Meinong, Alexius


Maria E. Reicher


Pages 345 - 349



The Austrian philosopher Alexius Meinong (1853–1920), a disciple of Franz Brentano and teacher of Christian von Ehrenfels, is mainly known for his so-called ‘theory of objects’, an ontological theory that comprises existent as well as nonexistent entities.




1Department of Philosophy, RWTH Aachen University



1 Ameseder, R., (1904), “Beiträge zur Grundlegung der Gegenstandstheorie”, in Meinong, A. (ed.), Untersuchungen zur Gegenstandstheorie und Psychologie, Leipzig: Barth, 51-120.

2 Barber, K., (1971), “Meinong’s Hume Studies, Part II: Meinong’s Analysis of Relations”, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 31: 564–584.

3 Ehrenfels, C. von, (1890), “Über ‘Gestaltqualitäten’”, Vierteljahresschrift für wissenschaftliche Philosophie, 14, 3. Heft, 249-292. Translation: “On ‘Gestalt Qualities’”, in B. Smith (ed.), Foundations of Gestalt Theory, Munich – Vienna: Philosophia 1988: 82-117.

4 Findlay, J. N., (1995), Meinong’s Theory of Objects and Values. Second edition. Aldershot: Gregg revivals. [Reprint of the second edition from 1963.]

5 Grossmann, R., (1974), Meinong, London–Boston, MA: Routledge.

6 Meinong, A., (1902), Ueber Annahmen, Leipzig: Barth. [A second, revised edition appeared in 1910. The second edition and some parts of the first edition were reprinted in vol. IV of the Alexius Meinong Gesamtausgabe.] Translation of the second edition: On Assumptions, ed. by J. Heanue, Berkeley–Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press, 1976.

7 Meinong, A., (1968), Über emotionale Präsentation, in Haller, R.; Kindinger, R. (eds.), Alexius Meinong Gesamtausgabe GA III, Graz: Akademische Druck- und Verlagsanstalt, 285–465. [Originally published in 1917.] Translation: On Emotional Presentation, Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press 1972.

8 Meinong, A., (1969a), “Phantasie-Vorstellung und Phantasie”, in: GA I, 193-271.

9 Meinong, A., (1969b), “Zur Psychologie der Komplexionen und Relationen”, in GA I, 279–300. [Originally published in 1891.] Translation: “On the Psychology of Complexions and Relations”, in M.-L. Schubert Kalsi, ed. Alexius Meinong, On Objects of Higher Order and Husserl’s Phenomenology, The Hague: Nijhoff, 1978: 55-72.

10 Meinong, A., (1971a), “Hume-Studien II: Zur Relationstheorie”, in GA II, 1–172. [Originally published in 1882.] Partial translation in K. F. Barber, Meinong’s Hume Studies: Translation and Commentary (Ph. Diss., The University of Iowa, 1966; University Microfilms, Ann Arbor, Michigan), 98-192.

11 Meinong, A., (1971b), “Über Gegenstände höherer Ordnung und deren Verhältnis zur inneren Wahrnehmung”, in GA II, 377–471. [Originally published in 1899.] Translation: “On Objects of Higher Order and Their Relationship to Internal Perception”, in Schubert Kalsi, ed. 1978: 137-200.

12 Meinong, A., (1972), Über Möglichkeit und Wahrscheinlichkeit. Beiträge zur Gegenstandstheorie und Erkenntnistheorie, GA IV. [Originally published in 1915.]

13 Russell, B., (1904), “Meinong’s Theory of Complexes and Assumptions”, Mind 13, 204–219, 336–354, 509–524. [Reprinted in The Collected Papers of Bertrand Russell, vol. 4, 1994: 431-474.]

14 Schubert, Kalsi, M.-L., (1978), “Introduction”, in Schubert Kalsi, ed. 1978: 1-53.

15 Sierszulska, A., (2005), Meinong on Meaning and Truth, Frankfurt/Main: Ontos.

16 Smith, B., (1996), Austrian Philosophy. The Legacy of Franz Brentano, Chicago et al.: Open Court.

17 Sweet, D. J., (1993), “The Gestalt Controversy: The Development of Objects of Higher Order in Meinong’s Ontology”, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53, 553-575.

18 Tegtmeier, E., (2000), “Meinong’s Complexes”, The Monist 83: 89-100.

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