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Mally, Ernst


Alessandro Salice


Pages 307 - 311



Ernst Mally (1879-1944) was an Austrian philosopher whose main contributions to philosophy primarily concerned metaphysics and (especially: deontic) logic. His reflections developed against the background of the Theory of Objects (Gegenstandstheorie) of Alexius Meinong with whom he worked at the University of Graz at the beginning of the last century. Although Mally does not focus on mereology directly in his written output, in his very first publication of 1904 (which arose from his homonymous dissertation of 1903), Investigations on the Theory of Objects of Measuring, he extensively discusses the ontological structure of relations and complexions. According to Meinong, relations and complexions are higher-order objects (Gegenstände höherer Ordnung) with a mereological structure: these objects are wholes whose constituting elements are parts. In his publications, Mally clarifies several aspects of this idea.




1Philosophy Department, University College Cork



1 Mally, E., (1904), “Untersuchungen zur Gegenstandstheorie des Messens”, in Meinong, A. (ed.), Untersuchungen zur Gegenstandstheorie und Psychologie, Leipzig: Barth, 121–262.

2 Meinong, A., (1971 [11899]), “Über Gegenstände höherer Ordnung und deren Verhältnis zur inneren Wahrnehmung”, in Meinong, A., Gesamtausgabe. 7 Bände und ein Ergänzungsband. Band II. Abhandlungen zur Erkenntnistheorie und Gegenstandstheorie, Haller, R. (ed.), Graz: Akademische Druck- und Verlagsanstalt, 377-471.

3 Meinong, A., (1977) [11902, 21910]), “Über Annahmen. Zweite, umgearbeitete Auflage” in: Meinong, A., Gesamtausgabe. 7 Bände und ein Ergänzungsband. Band IV. Über Annahmen, Haller, R. (ed.), Graz: Akademische Druck- und Verlagsanstalt, 1-389, 517-535.

4 Hieke, A. (ed.), 1998, Ernst Mally: Versuch einer Neubewertung, Sankt Augustin: Academia Verlag.

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