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Chaos


Hans Beck


Pages 137 - 141



Most people associate the term ‘chaos’ with disorder and confusion. In Greek mythology Chaos is the most ancient god existing before the universe was created. In modern science, the term chaos characterises the disordered and seemingly unpredictable motion of a system (Berge et al 1986, Gleick 1987, Ruelle 1991, Lorenz 1993). A system consists of different parts that interact with each other. For a quantitative description, appropriate variables with numerical values are attributed to the parts and the system is specified by parameters.




1Institute for Physics, University of Neuchâtel



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2 Combs, A.; Robertson, R., (1995), Chaos Theory in Psychology and the Life Sciences, Lawrence Erlbaum.

3 Feigenbaum, M. J., (1978), “Quantitative Universality for a Class of Nonlinear Transformation”, J. Statistical Physics 19: 25-52.

4 Feigenbaum, M. J., (1979), “The Universal Metric Properties of Nonlinear Transformations”, J. Statistical Physics 21, 669-706.

5 Gleick, J., (1987), Chaos: Making a New Science, Viking Penguin.

6 Li, T.; Yorke, J. A., (1975), “Period three Implies Chaos”, Amer. Math. Monthly 82: 985-992.

7 Lorenz, E. N., (1993), The Essence of Chaos, Univ. of Washington Press.

8 Mandelbrot, B. B., (1982), The Fractal Geometry of Nature, Freeman.

9 Newman, D., (1996), “Emergence and Strange Attractors”, Philosophy of Science 63: 245-261.

10 Pezard, L.; Nandrino, J. L., (2001), “Dynamic Paradigm in Psychopathology: Chaos Theory from Physics to Psychiatry”, Encephale 27(3): 260-268.

11 Ruelle, D., (1991), Chance and Chaos, Princeton Univ. Press.

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