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Carnap, Rudolf


Thomas Mormann


Pages 128 - 130



Rudolf Carnap (1891–1970) studied philosophy, mathematics, and physics at the universities of Jena and Freiburg. In 1921 he completed his PhD, under the supervision of the neo-Kantian Bruno Bauch, with a dissertation presenting a Kantianstyle investigation of space (Der Raum, 1922). In 1925 he moved to Vienna and joined the Vienna Circle. In 1928 he obtained his Habilitation, based on a thesis entitled Der logische Aufbau der Welt (Carnap 1928; translated into English in 1967 as The Logical Structure of the World). In 1936 he emigrated to the United States, where he taught at the universities of Chicago and Los Angeles. Among his most important works are the Aufbau (Carnap 1928) and Logische Syntax der Sprache (Carnap 1934). The Aufbau may be considered as the work of Carnap that is most closely related with mereological issues, at least implicitly.




1Department of Logic and Philosophy of Science, University of the Basque Country



1 Awodey, S.; Klein, C. (eds.) (2004), Carnap Brought Home. The View from Jena, Chicago and LaSalle: Open Court.

2 Bonk, T., (2004), Language, Truth and Knowledge. Contributions to the Philosophy of Rudolf Carnap, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

3 Carnap, R., (1928), Der logische Aufbau der Welt, second edition. Hamburg: Meiner, 1961. Translated by R. George as The Logical Construction of the World, Chicago and LaSalle: Open Court, 1998.

4 Carnap, R., (1934), Die logische Syntax der Sprache, Wien: Springer. Translated by A. Smeaton as The Logical Syntax of Language, London: Kegan Paul, 1937.

5 Coffa, J. A., (1991), The Semantic Tradition from Kant to Carnap. To the Vienna Station, ed. by L. Wessels, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

6 Creath, R.; Friedman, M. (eds.), (2007), The Cambridge Companion to Carnap, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

7 Friedman, M., (1999), Reconsidering Logical Positivism, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

8 Goodman, N., (1954), The Structure of Appearance, Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill.

9 Goodman, N., (1963), “The Significance of Der logische Aufbau der Welt,” in Schilpp, P. S. (ed.) The Philosophy of Rudolf Carnap, Chicago and LaSalle: Open Court, 545-558.

10 Davey, B. A.; Priestley, H. A., (1990), Introduction to Lattices and Order, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

11 Mormann, T., (1994), “A Representational Reconstruction of Carnap’s Quasianalysis”, in Hull, D.; Forbes, M.; Burian, R. M. (eds.) PSA 1994, volume 1, East Lansing, Michigan: Philosophy of Science Association, 96–104.

12 Mormann, T., (2005), “Description, Construction and Representation. From Russell and Carnap to Stone”, in Imaguire, G. and Linsky, L. (eds.) On Denoting 1905 – 2005, München: Philosophia Verlag, 333-360.

13 Mormann, T., (2009), “New Work for Carnap’s Quasi-Analysis”, Journal of Philosophical Logic 38: 249-282.

14 Proust, J., (1989), Questions of Form, Logic and the Analytic Proposition from Kant to Carnap, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

15 Richardson, A., (1998), Carnap’s Construction of the World. The Aufbau and the Emergence of Logical Empiricism, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

16 Uebel, T. E., (1992), Overcoming Logical Positivism from Within, Atlanta: Rodopi.

17 Whitehead, A. N., (1929), Process and Reality. An Essay in Cosmology, New York: Macmillan.

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