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Thomas Mormann

Pages 565 - 568

Topology is a branch of mathematics that investigates formal definitions of notions such as space, continuity, convergence, connectedness, neighbourhood, boundary, closure etc. In philosophical terms, it may be said to provide logical analyses of spatial concepts, where ‘spatial’ is understood in a broad sense. Historically, topology may be considered as a generalisation of metrical geometry. In its modern sense it originated around 1900 and is grounded in the works of Georg Cantor, Felix Hausdorff, Maurice Fréchet, Henri Poincaré and others.

1Department of Logic and Philosophy of Science, University of the Basque Country

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