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Stoics


Paul Thom


Pages 510 - 512



When asked whether we humans have parts, Chrysippus (d. ca. 206 BCE), the third head of the Stoic school, is reported to have distinguished an ‘inexact’ sense of the question, according to which our parts are head, trunk and limb, and another (presumably exact) sense in which the question is about ultimate parts. In this latter sense, Chrysippus replied, “we must not ... concede any such things, but must say neither of what parts we consist, nor, likewise, of many, either infinite or finite” (Long and Sedley 50C).




1Department of Philosophy, University of Sydney



1 Gould, J. B., (1970), The Philosophy of Chrysippus, Leiden: Brill.

2 Inwood, B.; Gerson, L. P. (eds.), (2008), The Stoics Reader: selected writings and testimonia, Indianapolis: Hackett.

3 Long, A. A., (1974), Hellenistic Philosophy: Stoics, Epicureans, Sceptics, London: Duckworth.

4 Long, A. A.; Sedley, D. N., (1987), The Hellenistic Philosophers 2 vols, Cambridge University Press.

5 Nolan, D., (2006), “Stoic Gunk”, Phronesis 51: 162-183.

6 Sambursky, S., (1959), Physics of the Stoics, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

7 von, Arnim, H. (ed.), 1903-1924, Stoicorum Veterum Fragmenta 4 vols, Leipzig.

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